Biomass and carbon stocks of undergrowth and litter under Eucalyptus pellita f. muell plantation in ultisols
Noor Jannah, Marjenah, Syahrinudin, Wahjuni Hartati, Afif Ruchemi
Plantation productivity depends entirely on the quality of the land. High initial investment is needed in the development of industrial plantations, so the selection of land must be undertaken carefully. Land quality is also influenced by the vegetation above it, which will produce biomass production and become the largest carbon contributor which has an important role in the biogeochemical cycle. The research objective was to analyze the biomass and carbon of undergrowth (woody and non-woody), litter under the stands of Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell at different age classes, and to calculate the percentage of biomass and carbon in each component. The analysis showed that the biomass and carbon of non-woody undergrowth was lower than litter. Total biomass of undergrowth and litter in research plots under stands of 6 months old; 2 years; 4 years and 5 years are 29.22 Mg ha-1; 27.17 Mg ha-1;17.96 Mg ha-1; 23.11 Mg ha-1. Meanwhile the total carbon stock of undergrowth and litter is 11.64 Mg ha-1; 7.65 Mg ha-1; 5.39 Mg ha-1; 9.12 Mg ha-1. Especially research plots under stands 6 months and 2 years old, the percentage of litter biomass reaches 90.33-91.73% of the total undergrowth and litter biomass, 84.61-93.62% carbon is in the litter of the total plant carbon. bottom and litter. Each type and age of vegetation that grows on the ground affects and produces different biomass qualities. And the remaining biomass becomes a source of organic material that can be used to improve soil quality.
Noor Jannah, Marjenah, Syahrinudin, Wahjuni Hartati, Afif Ruchemi. Biomass and carbon stocks of undergrowth and litter under Eucalyptus pellita f. muell plantation in ultisols. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 46-51