Comparative assessment of nutrient composition of APIS honey from diversified biogeographical regions of Karnataka, India
M Bhushanam, Madhusudan S
Honey is a remarkable food product of honeybees with high-calorific value. The mineral content is highly variable with the species of honeybee, the geographical area and botanical origin. The most medicinal properties of honey along with its flavour depend on its mineral content. Honey samples of Apis florea, Apis mellifera, Apis dorsata and Apis cerana were collected from Coorg, Bangalore and Kolar districts of Karnataka. In current study, the quantitative mineral analysis of honey samples were performed by Atomic absorption spectrophotometer and flame photometer. Total ash content was estimated by Ivanov and Chevanakova method (1984). The total ash content ranged between 0.11 to 0.52 per cent. Honey samples of Apis dorsata from Coorg showed highest of 0.52 per cent. The F-test and analysis of variance values of total ash content parameter of honey samples were significant at 5% levels. The mineral elements with high frequency were K content 50.68±0.09, Fe 0.09±0.003, Mn 0.18±0.007, Ca 5.87±0.1, Cr 0.012±0.003, Cu 0.06±0.008, P 1.28 ±0.3, Zn 0.15±0.007 ppm in Apis dorsata from Coorg. Na content was high in honey samples of Apis florea of Kolar with 3.42 ±0.04 ppm. All the mineral contents were within range and varied highly significantly at p< 0.05 levels. From present study, it is observed that the Indian honey is good in quality.
M Bhushanam, Madhusudan S. Comparative assessment of nutrient composition of APIS honey from diversified biogeographical regions of Karnataka, India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2022, Pages 73-78