Analytical study of ground water in Darbhanga city and its impact upon human health
Water analysis was conducted at DLWTL (DMCH), Darbhanga during 2019-21. The data regarding ground water pollution and it's impact upon human health was obtained and compiled through various published and relevant books. Water covers about 70% Earth’s surface. Safe drinking water is a basic need for all humans' life. The WHO reports that 80% diseases are waterborne. Households sewage, Sanitary leakage, Population growth, Plastics and polythene bags, Other Hard solid wastes, Pesticides & fertilizers, Improper municipal dispose off, Urbanization, Weak management system, Industrialization and agricultural run-off are major sources of ground water pollution in Darbhanga district. These wastes have negative effects on human health. Different chemicals have different affects depending on their locations and kinds. Bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases like hepatitis, skin infection, cholera, typhoid, encephalitis, poliomyelitis and gastrointestinal are spreading through polluted water. Accumulation of unwanted chemical in human body may also cause cancerous and other types of disease. It is recommended to examine the water quality on regular basis to avoid its destructive effects on human health. Domestic and agriculture waste should not be disposed of without treating.