Shirpur pattern as effective techniques of groundwater recharge to conserve and sustainability of water resources: A case study of some technique adopted villages in Maharashtra state
Sharad K Auti, Rajesh V Wagh
According to many, the availability of water resources is the most serious problem at a global level. Water is a physical substance with which all persons are familiar. In a water poor area, water represents day-to-day survival and all activities revolve around water supply and usage. Given such drastic differences in the importance and role of water in society from one location to the next, an understanding of the contribution of geography to sustainable water resource management is imperative. In India around 83% of available fresh water is used for agriculture. Rainfall being the primary source of fresh water, the concept behind conserving water is to harvest it when it falls and wherever it falls. The importance of storing rainwater through different techniques can be understood by an example of the Drought prone area in Maharashtra State. “Shirpur model”, is being projected as a “miracle cure” for drought. “Shirpur model”, angioplasty in water conservation for its proponent Suresh Khanapurkar. The present paper is based on the basic research for water conservation at some techniques adopted villages in Maharashtra state. The basic concept of Shirpur Pattern is divided into two section. 1) Shirpur Pattern is the construction of check dams on every streams whether it may be small or big and should be with gate and west weir to augment huge storage. We have to follow the water following principal of Ridge to Valley. It also focused on deepening the stream up to 15 to 20 mt. and widening up to 30 mt. 2) The project stresses on artificial recharge of water through the dry dug wells around the Surface water Steams and cascade type of cement bunds.
Sharad K Auti, Rajesh V Wagh. Shirpur pattern as effective techniques of groundwater recharge to conserve and sustainability of water resources: A case study of some technique adopted villages in Maharashtra state. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 229-232