Effects of boron on germination percentage and morphological parameters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Garima Singh, Pratibha Singh, BK Dadrwal, JP Srivastava
Morphological characters are essential growth parameters that have a direct relationship to plant growth, production, and yield. Boron is a critical micronutrient for seedling vigour, shoot and root growth, and overall plant health. Both boron deficiency and toxicity can reduce the yield of a variety of agricultural plants. The effect of different boron concentrations of 0 (control), 50, 100, 150, and 200 ppm on wheat var. HUW-234 vs. HUW-468 was investigated in this study. Seeds were germinated in a growth chamber at 25°C in Petri plates lined with blotting papers soaked in various concentrations of B. Germination percentage, shoot and root lengths, and fresh and dry weights of shoot and root were all recorded. Increased boron concentrations reduced seed germination percentages; T2 (100 ppm B) showed better germination in HUW-234 than HUW-468. T0, on the other hand, performed well throughout the board, showing that boron has a reversal effect on seedling germination and development in both wheat varieties. For both wheat varieties, the length of the shoot and root was observed to decrease as the boron content increased.Wheat variety HUW-468 has a higher shoot and root length, fresh and dry weight, total biomass, dry and fresh weight of shoot and root, and shoot and root ratio than wheat variety HUW-234.
Garima Singh, Pratibha Singh, BK Dadrwal, JP Srivastava. Effects of boron on germination percentage and morphological parameters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 2, 2021, Pages 78-83