Economic and environmental benefits of replacing 7 HP diesel irrigation pumps with solar irrigation pumps in Rajasthan, India
Yash Gautam, OP Singh
Agriculture plays a vital role in shaping Indian economy. After independence, agriculture in India saw significant development regarding production and technology. Green revolution made India not only self-sufficient in food at aggregate level, but also a net food exporting country. when the focus was on increasing food production, environmental impacts were highly neglected which resulted in the disturbance of weather phenomena and the best example of this is the disturbed cycle of monsoon. Due to frequent monsoon failure, uneven distribution of rainfall and excessive rainfall in several regions of the country not only farm production was adversely affected but condition of farmers also deteriorated. India relies heavily on fossil fuels to meet its energy requirements. Currently India is the third largest Greenhouse gas emitter in the world after China and USA. With the inception of KUSUM scheme and various subsidy provisions, the penetration of solar pumps in the farming community has increase, especially in Rajasthan. Following study analyses the economic and environmental benefits of switching from diesel pumps to solar irrigation pumps. It was found that when 7 HP diesel irrigation pump was used to irrigate one hectare each of groundnut, bajra, wheat and barley then it would have consumed 660 litres of diesel which would release 1716 Kg of CO2 in the atmosphere. Also, if the total carbon dioxide emissions were converted into carbon credits and sold in international markets then it would help in giving financial boost to solar industry.
Yash Gautam, OP Singh. Economic and environmental benefits of replacing 7 HP diesel irrigation pumps with solar irrigation pumps in Rajasthan, India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2021, Pages 01-05