Monitoring of physico-chemical parameters of river Ramganga at Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
Varshree Gangwar, Jyoti Singh, Charu Gangwar
Ramganga river is a the first tributary of the river Ganges and flows by Jim Corbett National Park near Ramanagar of Nainital district from where it descends upon the plains. The River Ganges being the utmost sacred river and salvation to millions of Indians in serving their water necessity is facing extreme hazards of pollution. Under the several river management and conservation strategies for its protection, the water quality assessment of its main tributary Ramganga river is inadequate. Bareilly city of Uttarpradesh is situated on the bank of river Ramganga. Present study was conducted to monitor the various physico-chemical parameters like temperature, electrical conductivity, pH, total hardness, dissolved oxygen (DO) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) of river Ramganga at Bareilly. River water samples were collected from two monitoring site (SI-Ramganga Bridge and SII-Chaubari Village) during February 2021. The results of present study showed that the values of DO and BOD were found beyond the permissible limit set by BIS and ICMR at SI indicated deteriorating water quality. Besides DO and BOD, the values of other physico-chemical parameters were found under the permissible limit. Therefore, it is recommended from the study that the government and the other local authorities should prevent the any kind of waste disposal in river as well as soil and crops cultivated in the vicinity of the monitoring sites need to be evaluated.