A geographical analysis of various factors responsible for deterioration of inland fisheries in Kuttanad Basin, Kerala
Kerala is a land affluent with numerous inland water resources such as rivers, tanks, ponds, reservoirs, brackish water lakes, backwaters and estuaries. These serve as a natural habitat for different verity fish species. Recently, these water resources confronts irreparable damage to aquatic life due to over-fishing, use of banned fishing gear, practices like water-poisoning, use of explosives and electrocution, erection of water barriers and the resultant degeneration of the ecosystem, water pollution due to discharge of household and industrial waste, and accumulation of pesticide and fertilizer residue in water bodies. Some wild fish species endured extinction and few others are on the verge of extinction.