Movement towards clean energy in the Indian mobility sector
India has one of the largest automobile markets in the world. However, the relative share of Electric Vehicles (EV) in the automobile market is very low. EV adoption in India is at a nascent stage. Numerous government policies have been formulated and implemented to support this sector. Prior to COVID-19 the EV sector, dominated by two wheelers and three wheelers, was steadily growing. Despite the economic slowdown due to the pandemic, the growth trajectory of EV sector remained upward. Certain social and behavioral changes have taken place in response to the pandemic. These changes will have a long-term impact on the EV sector. To have a sustainable long-term growth, there is a compelling need to adopt clean energy in the mobility sector. There are a myriad of challenges and obstacles in adoption of electric vehicles. Creating a domestic supply chain, developing a robust charging infrastructure, tackling a huge unorganized sector in some vehicle segments, lack of R&D for cost reduction, are some of the constraints which the EV industry is facing. Accelerated transition towards E-mobility will substantially cut the India’s oil import bill and reduce the carbon emissions. A boost to the EV sector will help India move towards a green recovery.