Improper solid waste management and its impact on the environment: A case study of Jammu city
Solid waste management in the developing countries is a big challenge due to increasing generation of the waste. Solid waste management has become an issue of increasing global concern as urban populations continue to rise and consumption pattern change. Most developing and least developing countries are currently facing serious development challenges. Improper MSW disposal and management causes all types of pollution: air, soil and water. Indiscriminate dumping of waste contaminates surface and ground water supplies. In urban areas, MSW clogs drains, creating stagnant water for insect breeding and flood during rainy seasons. There is an emerging trend in encouraging the private sector to enter into solid waste management. Both public and private sector are active in management of solid waste in developing countries. Solid waste is spoiling the environmental condition in the developing countries. Negative impact of the solid waste Management on the environment can be seen everywhere in the developing countries. Most developing countries face many difficulties in relation to solid waste management, which has evolved into a number of issues with continuously increasing complexity due to limited resources and increasing quantity of solid waste. In India, due to inadequate funding and improper planning, the solid waste management scenario is becoming worse day by day. To highlight the main cause of improper solid waste management in developing countries, Jammu city is selected for the case study. It is investigated during the research that due to rapid growth in population, increase in the solid waste generation, lack in management and funds, lack of cooperation from the general public, the solid waste management system of Jammu city is not working properly.