Analysis of resource use efficiency, costs and returns in wheat production under solar irrigation system in Jaipur, Rajasthan
Yash Gautam, OP Singh
Wheat is one of the main cereal crop of India. India stands on second position in production after China. India has come a long way in terms of area, production and productivity of the wheat since 1950. India relies heavily on fossil fuels to meet its energy requirements. Currently, India is the third largest Greenhouse gas emitter in the world after China and USA. The results of climate change are clearly visible and they are going to worsen further if initiatives are not taken. Wheat uses significant amount of irrigation during its entire growing period. Cultivation of wheat in India is done on a wider scale. Hence, it can be easily understood the amount of fuel it takes to irrigate wheat crop on a large scale. Rajasthan is among the highest wheat producing states. Wheat cultivation is carried out under solar irrigation system in major parts of Rajasthan. Government is also providing various subsidies for promotion of solar irrigation pump over diesel irrigation pumps. Hence, an economic analysis is conducted to assess the profitability of wheat production under solar irrigation system in Rajasthan.