International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences

International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences


International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 4
Population structure, regeneration status and ethnobotanical survey of wild edible fruits in sacred groves of Kodagu

Vinayak V Pai, Satish BN

Sacred groves of Kodagu district consist of diversified Wild Edible Fruits (WEF) species which act as an alternate food supply to the rural community. Wild edible fruit species was used for various purposes such as food, medicine, raw material for industries etc. It also provides economic stability to the poor people. Inspite of having multiple benefits many wild edible fruit species were still not yet domesticated or semi domesticated. Wild edible fruits improves the economic status of farmers, by providing additional income to the farming community. Therefore, Population structure of wild edible fruits in sacred groves was assessed by following Simple random sampling technique. Shannon’s Diversity Index of wild edible fruits of sacred groves was found to be 2.35 and species richness was 18. The mean density and mean basal area was found to be 202.67ha-1 and 42.65 m2ha-1 respectively. Terminalia belerica (93.83) was the dominant wild edible fruit species found in sacred groves followed by Grewia tiliaefolia (45.51) and Syzygium cumini (29.19). In sacred groves per cent distribution of stems of wild edible fruit species was higher between 120 and 180cm girth classes. The regeneration status of wild edible fruit species was also studied. In sacred groves the richness of regenerating species of wild edible fruits was found to be 15 and Shannon diversity index was 2.38. Grewia teliafolia was found to be the dominant regenerating species. Mean density of regenerating wild edible fruit species of sacred groves was 3666.7 ha-1. Maximum regeneration was found in class I and class II and it followed a reverse J-shaped curve indicating healthy regeneration. A semi structured questionnaire survey was conducted among the people residing in and around the sacred groves to know the utility pattern of wild edible fruits, factors affecting the population status of wild edible fruits and preferred wild edible fruits for domestication based on the local people perception was recorded.
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How to cite this article:
Vinayak V Pai, Satish BN. Population structure, regeneration status and ethnobotanical survey of wild edible fruits in sacred groves of Kodagu. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 2(4): 494-498.