Challenges and strategy for achieving nationally determined contribution commitment of India
Nemit Verma, Mohammad Arif
India has submitted its Nationally Determined Contributions targets to United Nations Framework for Climate Change to create additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030. This paper highlights the existing carbon stock and short fall to achieve targets. It has been observed that the overall forest and tree cover is increasing continuously but the area under the different forest cover class is shifting towards the open forest. Carbon stock has also been increased from 2011-2019. The Forest Survey of India has projected that there is a shortfall of 0.25 billion tonnes and 0.75 billion tonnes of CO2eq against the targets of 2.5-3.0 billion tonnes respectively from the baseline of 2015 under BAU scenario. We estimated that there is shortfall of 1.10 billion tonnes and 1.60 billion tonnes of CO2eq against the NDC targets under the scenario-II. Similarly, short fall is 0.95 billion tonnes and 1.45 billion tonnes of CO2eq against the NDC targets from the baseline of 2015 under scenario-III. These targets can be achieved by activities such as restoration of open forest and afforestation on different kinds of available lands like wasteland, agro-forestry, along national & state highways, railway siding, urban landscapes etc. A national level REDD+ project can be developed to provide the ample support to the Union Government and State Government.
Nemit Verma, Mohammad Arif. Challenges and strategy for achieving nationally determined contribution commitment of India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 2(4): 380-385.