Evaluating banana and mango cultivation in Tamil Nadu to determine their efficient cropping zones
N Kowshika, T Sankar, C Pradipa
Fruits have always been an integral part of our diet, rich with all the nutrients essential for human body. Indian horticultural sector is excelling with two major fruit crops viz., banana and mango, dominating the global market. For both the crops, Tamilnadu holds a prime place in production and changes in the share of these crops could affect the national GDP. Trend analysis of area, production and productivity was done to understand the performance of banana and mango. It was observed that the trend of banana and mango cultivation in Tamilnadu is growing rapidly over the years (1985-2015). Identifying Efficient Cropping Zones for both the crops in the recent 15 years (2001-2015) was also done using the calculated Relative Spread Index and Relative Yield Index. Banana crop was efficiently grown in Tiruchirappalli, Thanjavur, Pudukkottai, Madurai, Theni, Thoothukudi, Coimbatore, Karur, Tirunelveli and Kanniyakumari districts. But concern has to be taken over Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts, which are at a risk of losing their status. Thiruvallur, Vellore, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Madurai, Theni, Dindigul and Tirunelveli districts were possessing good performance under Mango cultivation during the study period. Vellore and Theni districts have given a positive evolution in mango cropping, but Kanniykumari had a setback. Efficient Cropping Zone analysis of both the fruit crops was able to determine the need for storage and processing facilities on the zones. Export regulations can also be created for the farmers of both the crops to reach global market.
N Kowshika, T Sankar, C Pradipa. Evaluating banana and mango cultivation in Tamil Nadu to determine their efficient cropping zones. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 2(4): 298-306.