In the present study intensive surveys were undertaken in eleven Agro-Climatic Zones of Madhya Pradesh during the years 2014-15 to 2019-20 by Lac Co-operating Centre, State Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh) to find the natural occurrence of lac host plants and potential host plant sites to exploration of lac culture and in-situ conservation of hosts. It is revealed that 30 diverse lac host plant species occurrence was reported with 307 natural sites of host occurrence and 154 potential sites of host plants. The maximum number of potential sites with occurrence frequency 119 (77.29%) was reported in Palas (Butea monosperma) host followed by 30 (19.49%) of Kusum (Schleichera oleosa), 3(1.94%) of Ber(Ziziphus mauritiana) and 1(0.64%) of Ghont (Ziziphus xylopyra) species. In the context of occupied areas of host as per Agro-climatic zone, Seoni district under Kymore plateau and Satpura Hill occupied maximum 36(23.38%) sites of patches followed by Balaghat 37(22.73%) under Chhattisgarh Plain, Chhindwara 3(1.94%) of Satpura Hills zone, Shahdol 11 (3.24%) and Anuppur 3(1.94%) of Northern Hill region of Chhattisgarh. In the state commercial cultivation of lac is being done on Palas (Butea monosperma), Kusum(Schleichera oleosa) and Ber (Ziziphusmauritiana Lam.) host plants through traditional methods, farmers of this state are cultivating rangeeni strain on Palas (Butea monosperma) and Ber (Ziziphusmauritiana Lam.) host and Kusumi strain on Kusum(Schleichera oleosa) host, except for more potential sites not under cultivation but having good natural resources of host availability. The efforts should be made to expand lac cultivation on new identified sites to enhance livelihood to rural communities.
Pratibha Bhatnagar, Sunil Prajapati, Balram Lodhi, Ramdeen Bhalawi, Bharat Singh Aarmo. Studies on lac host plant occurrence in different Agro-climatic zones of Madhya Pradesh. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 2(4): 197-204.