Insight into the sustainable solid waste management practices and techniques in India
India, the world’s second highest populated country with population exceeding a billion and one of the fastest urbanizing countries, is a land of physical, climatic, geographic, ecological, social, cultural and linguistic diversity. Human activities create waste, and it is the way these wastes are handled, stored, collected and disposed off, which can pose risks to the environment and to public health where intense human activities concentrate, such as in urban centers, appropriate and safe solid waste management (SWM) are of utmost importance to allow healthy living conditions for the population. India currently is facing a municipal solid waste dilemma, for which all elements of the society are responsible. The community sensitization and public awareness is low. There is no system of segregation of organic, inorganic and recyclable wastes at the household level. Common problems for municipal solid waste management include landfill area, dumping of waste, disposal of waste, government policies for environmental protection, budgetary planning, manpower planning, schedule for transporting the solid waste. This review research explained various aspects of solid waste management practices, waste to energy conversion, waste reuse and recycle and study also includes suggestions for improving existing solid waste management practices.