Climate resilient farming system for enhancing farmers’ income: A review
Omika Choudhary, Neelam Bageshwri, RS Choudhary
Challenges before the governments is to build systems to sustain focus and integrate activities aligned to sustainable agriculture practices as climate change poses new risk to yields and quality of food crops. The growth story of Indian agriculture since food scarcity to self Sufficiency has been very impressive. In these efforts, land degradation and environmental challenges have however emerged to thwart sustainability of agrifood system. As per reports, climate change could reduce annual agricultural incomes in the range of 15 % to 18 % on an average, and up to 20 % to 25 % for unirrigated areas. The low level of farmers’ income and year to year fluctuations in it are a major source of agrarian distress. Doubling farmers’ income by 2022 is quite challenging but it is needed and is attainable through development initiative, technology, and policy reforms in agriculture. Holistic approach may further encourage the farmers’ to mitigate the negative impact of climate change and to move towards resilient farming system for increasing own farm income as well as nations’ income in general.