Contribution of non-timber forest products towards rural income and employment in Mokokchung district of Nagaland
Narokumla Longkumer, Sanjoy Das, AK Sahu, NK Patra, Nchumthung Murry
The study was conducted to assess the contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products towards rural economy in Mokokchung District of Nagaland. The survey was conducted in two blocks, namely Changtongya Block and Ongpangkong N Block comprising of 100 respondents from 10 selected villages. Data were collected from primary as well as secondary sources. Majority of the respondents were male. The highest contribution of annual income obtained from wage employment (45.7%) followed by NTFPs (30%). The NTFPs identified in the study area were grouped as wild fruits, wild vegetables, medicinal plants, fuel wood and other category. Among the types of NTFPs, highest contribution of average annual income was generated from others category viz, broom grass, wild meat, fish, etc. i.e. Rs. 26,756 (44.4%) followed by wild vegetables of Rs. 16,890.5 (27.9%). Maximum annual contribution under non- cash income was from fuel wood i.e. Rs. 6826 per household (49.9%). Wage earners contributed the highest in employment generation with 135 man days annually (33.5%) followed by NTFPs collectors with 117 man days (29.1%). Under gender wise collection of NTFPs, it was found that men spent more time (80 days) as compared to women (37 days) annually. Among the types of NTFPs, maximum time (34.31%) spent in collection of others category (broom grass, wild meat, fish, etc.) i.e. 40 days followed by wild vegetables 36 days (31.57%). It was also found that majority of the sample households went for NTFPs collection because of traditional norms, followed by good source of income. From the regression analysis, it was found that dependency ratio and employment from NTFPs affected positively and significantly towards NTFP income.