Percieved socio-economic and environmental effects of wood fuel production and consumption in rural igabi local government area, kaduna state, Nigeria
Babajo Hannatu, Akilu Suleiman
Rural areas are the major producers and consumers of wood fuel in developing regions. Wood fuel as a source of energy plays a vital role in household energy requirements, due to increasing economic hardship in the country, many people are finding it increasingly difficult to afford conventional fuels in Nigeria. Wood fuel in Kaduna State is the most highly consumed fuel. Therefore creating awareness among people especially rural dwellers in Nigeria about the effects of fuel wood production and consumption is imperative. This study discusses the perceived socio-economic and environmental effects of wood fuel production and consumption in rural Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State. The data for this study was acquired from both primary and secondary sources. The primary data was obtained through structured questionnaire survey. The respondents were selected from five rural areas of Igabi LGA. Purposive sampling method was used in administering the questionnaires. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that fuel wood production and consumption affects socio economic environment through occurrence of drought, erosion, rise in temperature, reduction in plant species and reduced of farmlands. In addition, findings revealed that the demand for fuel wood is higher in rural Igabi where family sizes are higher and the wood fuel sources are more readily available. It was also found that the demand for fuel wood is not only influenced by family size and population growth, but accessibility, affordability and availability are other important determinants. Government should embark on intensive afforestation and mobilize people to engage in public and private afforestation programs in the area. In addition, people should be properly enlightened on the environmental implications on wood fuel consumption in the area. Also, laws regulating cutting down of trees should be reviewed and re-enforced.